Apples & Pears
Growing your own fruit is becoming increasingly popular as the flavour of home grown edibles always tastes better plus you have satisfaction of knowing that your family is eating fresh and healthy produce.
Pip Fruit includes all your apples, pears, quinces and nashi and winter is the best time to plant as the trees are dormant.
Where to plant
Fruit trees are best planted in an open sunny area protected from strong winds. Fruit trees can be planted amongst other plants in your garden, in an orchard, in large pots or wine barrels or if you have a sunny fence or wall, espalier the tree.
How to plant
When planting, dig a hole that is big enough for all the roots, but make sure the graft is above the ground. Put a large handful of sheep pellets in the hole as you plant your fruit tree. Water the tree in well.
We recommend staking the tree when young.
Espalier is a form of training the fruit tree to grow along a wall or a fence. This keeps the fruit tree small but still ensures great yields from your pip fruit. trees Pip fruit is espaliered horizontally.
Apples, pears, nashi and quinces should be pruned in late winter into a vase shape by cutting out the central leader as shown in the diagram. This allows light into the tree which enhances fruit production.
Apples, pears, nashi and quinces fruit on spurs. Spurs are short stubby growths attached to the main branches. Pip fruit can fruit on the same spurs for many years.
Preventing pests and diseases from attacking your fruit trees is always better than trying to cure them. Below there is a spray guide for you to follow for pest and disease prevention.
You may need to put bird netting over the trees as the fruit ripens, as birds love their apples and pears too.